What can we do to eliminate one of the major causes of global warming, the automobile industry, without affecting the number of cars on the road? The root cause behind the increasing pollution is the internal combustion engine. But we can’t easily abandon the use of the vehicles we are dependent on. The problem is internal combustion and the solution is sustainable mobility which is known as e-mobility.
What is e-mobility?
E-mobility refers to the promotion of electrically driven vehicles to replace internal combustion engines. Besides automotive technology, it consists of drones, electric hover boats, and hydrogen fuel cell-powered electric vehicles. An electric automobile does not require fuel to run; instead, the vehicle is powered by batteries. The history of e-mobility has been quite intriguing. Electric cars were first seen in the 19th century but soon they were replaced by internal combustion engines due to industrialization.
The Need for e-mobility
The level of pollution in the environment is increasing, which is accelerating climate change. This has resulted in an urgent need for adopting sustainable mobility. The following are the major reasons why traditional engines should be replaced by electromobility:
Carbon dioxide from internal combustion engines increases pollution, which increases the greenhouse effect.
Fossil fuels are non-renewable. The quantity of petrol and diesel is decreasing with time, so we will soon face scarcity.
The cost of batteries is decreasing and fossil fuels are rising because of scarcity.
As a result of these factors, it can be easily predicted that e-mobility should be our priority. It is not only the environment that is being improved but a nation's independence is being increased by removing its dependence on foreign oil.
(Accelerating the world’s transition into electric mobility.)
Future of e-mobility
In the future, electric mobility will dominate. Although it has been slow, electric vehicles will eventually replace internal combustion engines.
Spiegel Institute published a study in 2006 that showed consumers preferred conventional vehicles over electric ones. Nearly half of consumers said they anticipate an electric vehicle's bright future within five years.
A sustainable mobility future lies ahead. There has been a decline in battery prices since 2010. An international agency has predicted that 70 million cars will be electric by 2025.
Additionally, many companies are trying to accept this gradual transition from internal combustion engines to electric vehicles. For instance, Volkswagen aims to produce 3 million electric cars in the next 5 years. THOUSANDS of euros are expected to be invested in e-mobility by 2022. While joint ventures China is aiming to spend 5 billion euros, countries like the UK, France, Norway, and India are initiating to adopt e-mobility at a massive scale.
To achieve rapid development, we need both sustainable development and sustainable mobility. Initially, the change will be hard to accept, but eventually, it will benefit our ecosystem. Hence, e-mobility should be viewed as a necessity and not as a luxury.
(“To have clean air in cities, you have to go electric.” – ELON MUSK)
(“Without a rapid switch to electric mobility, we cannot win the battle against climate change.”- HERBERT DIESS)
Authored By: Upkar Singh
Edited By: Loyna Kaur